In the town of Thatta (100 km / 60 miles from Karachi) and around the same distance from Hyderabad as well. Thatta has a large number of monuments that are among the UNESCO world heritage sites, including this mosque, there is famous Shahjahani Mosque with its beautiful architecture. The foundation of the mosque was laid in the year 1644, and the construction was completed within three years during the reign of Mughal King Shah Jahan, also known as the builder King. He made it as a gift for the kind and warm hospitality of the people of Thatta.
The mosque is built with red bricks with blue coloured glaze tiles probably imported from another Sindh’s town of Hala. The mosque has overall 93 domes and it is world’s largest mosque having such number of domes. It is unique in this way that it contains no minarets but has a total of a staggering, and the highest for any structure in Pakistan. Unlike other Mughal-era structures, it also does not contain pink sandstone. It has been built keeping acoustics in mind. A person speaking inside one end of the dome can be heard at the other end when the speech exceeds 100 decibel.
It has been on the tentative UNESCO World Heritage list since 1993. In spite of the ravages of time and the utter neglect, the mosque still manages to retain most of the magnificence of its time.
However, comparing Thatta’s Shahjahan Mosque with the emperor’s other its condition is not that good. There is barely any maintenance being done. The broken tiles hosted sparrow nests inside them and were a source of amusement for the kids. The domes were covered in spider webs. The maintenance work which does seem to be happening is not of the best standards. The material being used for reconstruction is poor. At night, the artificial lights (just a few green-coloured zero bulbs) paint a horrible picture. Officials must make regular visits to oversee the protection of this heritage. As should the media highlight it. All of these things are bound to lead to an increase in the number of tourists.